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Are There Different Types of Gardening?


When we think of the word “gardening,” we usually think of it as a blanket term to refer to anything and everything that involves plants. Yet, did you know that there are several types of gardening out there?


We’ve researched all the different types of gardening, and now we’ll go over some of the most popular ones and what they are suitable for.

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Gardening may seem like a one-way street, but there are surprisingly several lanes.

In-Ground Gardening

With in-ground gardening, the world is quite literally your garden. This type of gardening is what most of us think of when we think of gardening. 


In-ground gardening involves sowing your seeds directly into the ground or transplanting pre-established plants into the ground.


In-ground gardening is not only convenient but cost-effective. It allows you to save the money that you would have previously been spending on pots and planters.


In-ground gardening also takes advantage of the soil you already have, rather than requiring you to purchase potting soil. These gardens also generally require less watering because of the ground’s natural ability to retain water.

Container Gardening

Container gardening is a great option, especially for people who only have a small amount of space to utilize for a garden. Container gardening allows you to grow vegetables, flowers, or any plant you like without needing a lot of ground space to do so.


Container gardening is when you use pots or Planters to grow your plants. This type of garden is not only cost-effective and great for small spaces, but it also has many benefits for your plants.


Because you are controlling the environment in which your plant grows, your plant is less likely to suffer from issues related to disease, pests, over-watering, or drought.


Raised Bed Gardening

Raised bed gardening is almost a perfect combination between container gardening and in-ground gardening.


In raised bed gardening, you build an elevated container to grow your plants. These types of gardens can be excellent for many reasons. You can use the soil from the ground or store-bought soil in your garden. 


There are several advantages to raised bed gardening. For one, it takes much less of a physical toll on the gardener. With raised beds, there’s no need to bend over or stay on your knees for long periods. 


Other benefits of raised bed gardening include fewer weeds, better water retention and drainage, and warmer soil, which means earlier planting. 

Fruit and Vegetable Gardening

One of the most popular, if not the most popular, types of gardening is fruit and vegetable gardening. This method is simply what the name suggests, where you plant and harvest your fruits and vegetables. 


This type of gardening allows you to provide food for yourself and your family and is becoming increasingly popular in today’s world. 


The most significant advantage to this type of gardening is that you control the process from the time the seed is planted until the food is on your plate. 


You can even grow produce that’s expensive or hard to find in grocery stores. This type is not only great for people looking to save money, but the product also sells very well at farmer’s markets. 

woman picking flowers

Butterfly Gardening

Butterfly gardening is a smart way to plant a garden that is great for the environment and pollinators. 


To create a butterfly garden, you need to research what host plants to plant for butterflies specific to your area. For example, if monarch butterflies are native to your region, you should plant milkweed in your butterfly garden. 


In a butterfly garden, it’s also a good idea to add things like mud puddles, nectar plants, and a place for them to take shelter from cold and wet weather. 


The advantages of creating a butterfly garden are that it draws not only butterflies but other pollinators to your yard, which is excellent for the environment and very pretty to look at.

Hydroponic Gardening

Hydroponic gardening is a type of gardening that has recently received an update and popularity. Hydroponic gardening is growing plants using only water and no soil. 


Almost any plant that grows in the soil can be grown hydroponically, with a few exceptions like root vegetables and vegetables that need more acidic or basic pH levels. 


All you need is a high-quality setup, good grow light, nutrients for your plants, and whatever plants you are looking to grow. 


Some advantages of hydroponic gardening are that it’s great for small spaces, saves water, is resistant to pests and diseases, and requires less work.

Herb Gardening

Herb gardening is a beautiful gardening method for beginners. Many herbs available on the market are very Hardy and can even grow indoors. Starting an herb garden is very simple. 


All you need to start is a location, either in a planter or your yard, soil, and the herbs themselves. If you are new to herb gardening and don’t have much experience with plant identification, you should also get plant labels to avoid confusion. 


Herbs are not only great for cooking, but many of them have traditional folk medicinal value. Growing herbs allows you to be fully in charge of the process from planting the seed until you harvest the herb. 


Herbs are easy to grow and are a great way to add variety to your meals, or you can even use them in teas, tinctures, and other traditional medicines.

man watering plants

Organic Gardening

Organic gardening is a subcategory of gardening in which you avoid using any chemicals like fertilizers, herbicides, or pesticides in your garden. Organic gardening uses compost or worm castings as fertilizer and is typically viewed as a more holistic form of gardening. 


Gardening this way does have its benefits. When you avoid using any chemicals in your garden, there is no chance of any chemical contamination that can transfer into your food. This type of gardening is also accessible for all communities and is inexpensive to do. 


Organic gardening gives you a way to produce healthy, organic produce to feed yourself and your family.

Final Thoughts

Gardening may seem like a one-way street, but there are surprisingly several lanes. We hope that this article gives you the information you were looking for to start your garden today.

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